July 1, 2013

July – Some Highlights of the Past 150 Years

By Eloise Graham

1863 – The Battle of Gettysburg is fought in July 1863. * Boise, Idaho is founded (now capital of Idaho).

1873 – Prince Edward Island becomes the 7th Canadian province * Jesse James & James Younger gang’s first train robbery (Adair Iowa).

1883 – Buffalo Bill Cody presents his first Wild West Show (North Platte, Nebraska) * The National League regulates stockings for the first time as Boston wore red, Buffalo; gray, Chicago; white, Cleveland; blue, Providence; light blue, Detroit; brown, Philadelphia; blue and white checks and New York; crimson and black.

1893 – The small town of Pomeroy, IA is nearly destroyed by a tornado; 71 people are killed and 200 injured. * Dundee, Scotland forms a Scottish Football club.* Japan develops the method to seed and grow cultured pearls.

1903 – The very first Tour de France bicycle race is won by Maurice Garin * The first Ford Model A is purchased by Dr. Ernst Plenning, a dentist in Chicago, for $850. * Giuseppe Sarto is elected Pope Pius X.

1913 – Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A F Wilding beats McLoughlin (86 63 10-8) * Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States. * Carl Weilman (St. Louis Browns) strikes out six times in a 15 inning game.

1923 – First permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass) * Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title * Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M.

1933 – Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge * First police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, NY * Congress passes first minimum wage law (33 cents per hour).

1943 – United States bombs railway yards in Rome in an attempt to break the will of the Italian people to resist * Marshal Henri-Philippe Petain, a World War I hero, becomes prime minister of the Vichy government of France.

1953 – US stops aid to Persia * NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, first use of subway tokens * North Korea & UN sign armistice.

1963 – United States Postal Service introduces by the ZIP code* · American test pilot Joe Walker, flying the X-15, reaches an altitude of 65.8 miles making it a sub-orbital spaceflight by recognized international standards.

1973 – New York Mets fall 12? games back in last place of the National League Eastern Division. * A major fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the National Archives in St. Louis, Missouri.

1983 – Calvin Smith of US becomes fastest man alive – 9.93 for 100m * Supreme Court rules retirement plans can’t pay women less.

1993 – Pizza Hut blimp deflates & lands safely on W 56th street in NYC * Philadelphia Phillies beat SF Giants 7-6 in 20 innings * 122nd British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 267 at Royal St George.

2003 – The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed. * In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.